Have you bought a new ficus bonsai and are worried how to take care of ficus bonsai? Let’s dive deeper. Before learning how to take care of ficus bonsai, let’s briefly give information about the plant itself and about the natural living conditions of this plant.
Description: legendary trees from tropical Asia, grow to enormous size, creating shade, throwing out long hanging aerial roots. In tropical rainforests, the leaves are protected from sunburn by a thick layer of wax on the leaves. Young trees in the forest must learn to use the weak sunlight that reaches the bottom of the forest, so there is enough light in the house for the plants.
All types of small-leaved ficuses are very convenient for growing bonsai because they quickly form a strong trunk with highly branched branches and evergreen leaves. The small size of the leaves makes them very suitable for growing medium to large bonsai trees. They are very resistant to hot air and are therefore considered the most suitable for indoor bonsai.
Placement is the most important thing to consider when it comes to how to take care of ficus bonsai. Ficuses need a lot of light to grow new small leaves, but unlike other plants that are used for indoor bonsai, ficuses do not need a lot of light, so they can be placed away from windows. In winter, the temperature should be over 15 C. If watered well Ficus, they tolerate dry and hot air well. The roots should be in a dry and warm environment. They do not tolerate drafts and cold air from air conditioners, which can overcool the pot and soil in winter.
Abundantly after the soil dries up, with warm water. If the water contains large amounts of calcium, it can lead to chlorosis. The water should not remain in the stand for more than an hour after watering. Growth can be stimulated by irrigation with water at 40 C.
Fertilizer: Fertilize best with liquid fertilizer. All year round, once every 2 weeks.
The frequency of transplanting depends on many factors the condition of the root system, the size of the pot, the age of the plant, the intensity of growth in previous seasons. Therefore, the transplant must be carried out taking into account all these factors. Since the ficus grows quite quickly, even young trees can be replanted once a year, but it is imperative to take into account and adjust the frequency of replanting depending on the above factors. For transplanting, it is best to use a soil in the composition of Akadama Lava Pumis Zeolite in a 2: 1 ratio.
Answering the question how to take care of ficus bonsai, we cannot but mention Trimming. To maintain the size of the ficus crown, cut three more leaves than the desired crown shape. In order that the interference was not visible, it is better to cut more often, but not too much. We can prevent sap loss after clipping by sprinkling with cold water. It is best to cut the overgrown part of the crown thoroughly in summer. You can also remove foliage in summer.