What is the darknet browser ? It is not as anonymous or as secure as it sounds.
Be warned right away: in this article we are talking about the dark side of the Internet. It is dark because people there feel freedom and impunity and therefore tend to commit crimes. It is shameful to commit crimes, and a thief should be in jail.
So What is the darknet browser ?
It is generally accepted that there are three types of the Internet:
Visible internet. We come here every day. These are the usual sites: social networks, search engines, forums and the site of the “Code” magazine. All of them are in the segment of the visible Internet. Any information you need can be found by keywords, because almost all sites are indexed by search robots.
Deep Internet. These are the sites whose content does not appear in the search results: this is a huge world of sites for employees, closed databases and other service pages. Technically, you can get to them via the Internet, but for this you need to know your username and password. There is nothing illegal in them, but you cannot get there without special access.
Darknet browser – Darknet. A hidden network within the internet that is not visible in normal ways. It works on the same principles as the TOR network, you can get into it only through the TOR. This network was specially created hidden and anonymous so that no one could establish censorship or restrict the activities of participants.
The darknet is all about anonymity, but the network itself does not automatically guarantee anonymity. To comply with it, one use of TOR is not enough. A person can leave some data about himself on the forum, which can reveal his real identity, or download a Trojan that will track him. In this regard, the darknet is exactly the same as the regular Internet – the more data you post about yourself, the easier it is to figure out you.
What is the darknet browser and How it works ?
Now that we know цhat is the darknet browser, let’s see how it works. This is most often accessed through the Tor browser, so most sites on the darknet are located in the .onion pseudo-domain. A pseudo-domain means that in fact there is no such domain on the Internet, but inside the darknet they can be accessed.
For example, if you enter the address http://zqktlwi4fecvo6ri.onion/wiki/index.php/Main_Page into a regular browser, an error will be displayed because the DNS servers do not know how to handle this domain. And if you enter the same address into the Tor browser, the HiddenWiki window appears – the Wikipedia for the darknet. There is nothing forbidden in it, it just tells where you can go if you are on the darknet for the first time:
Onion sites are usually hosted on shared hosting, which is easy to set up or just as easy to change if required to maintain anonymity. For the same reason, some of the links do not work on the darknet, because the hosting sites where these sites were located closed or moved to a new address. Therefore, link directories are popular on the dark web – special thematic collections of sites from which users choose the right ones. HiddenWiki is also an example of such a directory.
There are search engines there too, but they don’t work as well as Yandex or Google. The fact is that on the dark web, much is hidden from indexing and is accessible only through a direct link. Examples of search engines from there are TORCH and Seeks.
What is the darknet browser and What is inside ?
The darknet can be divided into two parts: sites with texts and forums uncensored by any government, and darknet stores selling anything. There are many shopping sites, and most often they offer something illegal.
Darknet and cryptocurrency
Since 2014, the darknet has grown several times thanks to bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Before that, the payment mechanism inside was complex, and this stopped many. Bitcoin has lowered the threshold for entering the paid darknet and made it available to almost everyone.
Now almost everything that happens inside the darknet is paid for with bitcoins. There are even separate bitcoin exchanges with simplified registration to leave as few electronic traces as possible.
Darknet and the law
It may seem that the darknet is the perfect place for criminals, and this is almost true. Almost – because special services can enter the darknet just like any other people. In a sense, it is even easier for them: knowing that all killers live on one site, and all financial fraudsters on another, they can carry out attacks based on social engineering, exploit site vulnerabilities and even TOR vulnerabilities.
If you are interested in the dark web only from the point of view of “see what is there and how it works,” then this is legal. As soon as you do something there that violates the law of your country, it already falls under the administrative or criminal code. Selling drugs, buying weapons, or distributing illegal porn on the darknet will give you the same age as if you did it offline.
The main rule of the darknet is that there are no laws there, so no one can guarantee anonymity within the network. Everything that a person does there (as in the regular Internet), he does at his own peril and risk. If someone does something illegal and inadvertently discloses some information about themselves, this can be used against the person. For example, for blackmail or extortion of money.
In conclusion – a little story about anonymity on the darknet. In 2013, Ross Ulbrecht, the owner of one of the largest illegal drug sites, Silk Road, was arrested. He used TOR, went online through a VPN and knew he was being looked for, so he tried to minimize his digital presence. They found him anyway.